Tuesday, August 25, 2020
Third Culture Kids papers The 21st century will be recognized as the time of globalization. American people are making a trip to and living in nations all through the world, as their organizations move them starting with one office then onto the next over the globe. As a rule, these specialists are hitched and are joined by their offspring of changing ages. As indicated by the book The Third Culture Kid Experience by David Pollock and Ruth Van Reken, the encounters of young people who spend a huge piece of their youth living abroad are both helpful and testing. The creators talked with various Third Culture Kid (TCK) guardians about the time spent in different nations. For other people, who plan on traveling to another country or have just left, the book brings new experiences and gives bolster realizing that one's family isn't the only one. It would likewise pay for organizations to give a duplicate to every one of its representatives taking off to far off lands. For the individuals who live in the United States, the book gives another perspective on effect of an undeniably worldwide world. The creators offer this meaning of the worldwide kid: A Third Culture Kid (TCK) is an individual who has spent a noteworthy piece of their formative years outside the guardians' way of life. The TCK manufactures connections to the entirety of the societies, while not having full proprietorship in any. In spite of the fact that components of each culture are absorbed into the TCK's life experience, the feeling of having a place is in relationship to other people The essential comparability between all TCKs is mobilityall Third Country Children experience huge change and unpredictability in their initial years. What sort of effect will this living game plan have on these young people in the since quite a while ago run' All kid behaviorists perceive that young men and young ladies need strength and structure in the primary decade of their lives. ... <!
Saturday, August 22, 2020
Authentic Figures of Nursing Whenever individuals notice or think about the historical backdrop of nursing or nursing training numerous right away consider Florence Nightingale or Clara Barton. In truth, Florence merits credit for the headways she made in nursing, yet nursing returns farther than Florence Nightingale. One medical caretaker, that little is thought about is James Derham. We will compose a custom article test on Verifiable Figurs of Nursing or on the other hand any comparable point just for you Request Now James was naturally introduced to bondage in around 1762, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. James was known to be claimed by three unique people, every one of whom were specialists, one in Philadelphia, a British armed force specialist, and a New Orleans doctor (Hansen, A. 002). In the eighteenth century it was normal for nursing training to be gotten through an apprenticeship, which is actually how Derham turned into a medical caretaker, helping every one of the three of his lords and gaining from them. One of his lords, Dr. Robert Dove of New Orleans, supported DerhamÃ¢â¬â¢s enthusiasm for medication. James filled in as a medical caretaker and bought his opportunity in 1783 (Wikipedia). Subsequent to buying his opportunity, Dr. Derham opened a clinical practice in New Orleans, by age 26 his yearly hoops surpassed $3,000. 00 (Cobb, W. 1963). Dr. James Derham is the principal African-American to officially rehearse medication in the United States, despite the fact that he never got a clinical degree (Nursetini, 2009). Dr. Derham was known to communicate in English, French and Spanish. Dr. Derham came back to Philadelphia where he had some expertise in throat sicknesses and ailments identified with atmosphere (Wikipedia). Dr. Benjamin Rush, the dad of American medication, talked with Dr. Derham and had the accompanying to state Ã¢â¬Å"I have bantered with endless supply of the intense and scourge sicknesses of the nation where he lives. I expected to have recommended some new drugs to him, yet he proposed a lot more to me. He is unobtrusive and participating in his habits. He communicates in French easily, and has some information on SpanishÃ¢â¬ (Bennett, L. 1970). Derham vanished around 1802, destiny obscure (Nursetini). In 1960 New Orleans set up the James Derham Middle School (presently Junior High School) in his respect (Nursetini). Dr. James Derham exhibited through his commitment to his calling what people can accomplish with difficult work. He conquered a few boundaries during his vocation, for example, bondage and absence of proper training, to get perceived as an expert who added to social insurance and the treatment of patients. Another person who has contributed altogether to the progression of nursing is Margaret Sanger, contraception pioneer (Wardell, D). Margaret was conceived in 1879 in Corning, N. Y. , one of eleven offspring of Irish migrants. MargaretÃ¢â¬â¢s mother had 18 pregnancies, getting more fragile and more diseased with every one, biting the dust in her 40Ã¢â¬â¢s. MargaretÃ¢â¬â¢s objective was to turn into a specialist and to assist people with enjoying her mom. Lamentably there wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t any cash for Margaret to go to clinical school, however two of her sisters bolstered her instruction finically to turn into a medical attendant. Margaret was an OB Nurse working for the most part in the East-Side/Lower East Side of New York City where she regularly got calls to help and will in general lower pay ladies following self-initiated premature births. The terrible instance of Sadie Sachs is a notable second in the Sanger Ã¢â¬Å"saga. Ã¢â¬ As Sanger herself saw it, the Sachs case denoted the defining moment of her life and the start of the U. S. contraception development (Wardell, D. 1980). Sadie Sachs was a multi year elderly person, mother of three kids who got out for help following a self-prompted fetus removal and had blood harming. Margaret remained by SadieÃ¢â¬â¢s bedside for three weeks, constant, until the emergency was finished and MargaretÃ¢â¬â¢s day in and day out consideration was not, at this point required. Margaret was available, when Sadie approached the doctor thinking about her, how to forestall another pregnancy. The doctor advised Sadie to have her significant other rest on the rooftop. A quarter of a year later, Margaret was called again to SadieÃ¢â¬â¢s home, for a similar explanation. Ten minutes after MargaretÃ¢â¬â¢s appearance Sadie kicked the bucket. Margaret settled on her choice: Ã¢â¬Å"It was the beginning of another day in my lifeÃ¢â¬ ¦I realized I was unable to return just to keeping individuals aliveÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ (Wardell, D. 980). Margaret Sanger committed her vocation to teaching ladies on conception prevention and contraception anticipation. Sanger had critical obstructions to survive, including legislative law, which refered to conception prevention data to be a wrongdoin g, and absence of doctor instruction on anti-conception medication and doctor readiness to find out about anti-conception medication and their reluctance to challenge the law. Margaret stayed committed to her dedication and set up the main U. S. anti-conception medication center in 1916 in Brooklyn, N. Y. , which was staffed by Sanger and her sister, the two medical attendants. The center was unlawful and was attacked by the NY city police. Margaret and her sister were captured, Margaret served her time in jail, and MargaretÃ¢â¬â¢s sister served her time in a workhouse. Sanger in the long run employed a doctor, Dr. Hannah Stone, to staff her facility and direct the new Clinical Research Bureau. Dr. Stone immediately got regarded by her friends for her Ã¢â¬Å"competent care and expressive staticsÃ¢â¬ (Wardell, D. 1980). Again the facility was assaulted, during the attack the police reallocated tolerant diagrams and private patient data, and this activity at long last got the consideration, disappointment and backing of doctors. A key to MargaretÃ¢â¬â¢s proceeded with progress with the facility was her union with J. Noah Slee, who was the leader of Three-in-One Oil Company. Slee upheld Sanger finically, however delivered stomachs from Germany to his Canadian plant and afterward snuck the stomachs into the U. S, in Three-in-One Oil boxes. Margaret distributed flyers and gave addresses on anti-conception medication all through her vocation while attempting to build up her facility, all to instruct ladies and to help forestall undesirable pregnancies, permitting ladies to settle on shrewd wellbeing choices for them. Margaret SangerÃ¢â¬â¢s centers stay in presence today, Ã¢â¬Å"Planned Parenthood. Ã¢â¬ Margaret took an individual encounter of what she found being taken care of by her patient and committed her lifeÃ¢â¬â¢s work to instructing patients, helping them to settle on safe wellbeing choices and safe wellbeing rehearses, not looking for back rear entryway care or help. Margaret was instrumental in building up the practices and accessibility of administrations that most of ladies in the U. S. underestimate as of now. Instructions to refer to Historical Figurs of Nursing, Papers
Sunday, August 9, 2020
How to Write a Critical Analysis There are different types of essays that you might be asked by your teacher to write such as critical analysis essays, reflection papers, research papers, among many others. In this article, we focus on how to write a critical analysis. Have you ever written a critical analysis? Do you know what such a paper involves? Perhaps you have not written such a paper before and you are wondering where to start. The first step that you need to take to help you come up with a flawless critical analysis paper is to understand what writing such a paper involves. Definition of critical analysis Have you ever been asked by your instructor to write a critical analysis essay and you are left asking yourself what such a paper entails? A critical analysis essay refers to an essay that you write to examine or review a given piece of work such as an article or a book. In most of the cases, your instructor might require you to write a critical analysis of a given article, traditional works, paintings, book, or even a film. Ideally, a critical analysis paper emphasizes on how effective a given piece of art is with respect to a few aspects. In this article, we provide you with information on what a critical analysis essay is as well as how to write a critical analysis. Critical reading Just like any other essay, for you to write a high-quality critical analysis you need to gather the right information on the given subject. Unlike most other essays, critical analysis involves reviewing a given piece of art such as a film, an article, or a book. The implication is that you need to be familiar with the book, article, or film that you are reviewing. For this reason, carrying out a thorough research and reading the assigned material or any other external sources will help you writing a critical analysis that meets the expectations of your instructor. Use the school library and any other online database to find the appropriate material for your critical analysis. In case you are not aware where to get the right material, it is always important to seek clarification from either the school librarian or your instructor. Such an approach saves you from wasting a lot of time. What is the authorâs thesis? In a case where your critical analysis is about an article or a book, you need to be familiar with the themes and ideas that the author is presenting to the readers. First, start by establishing the authorâs thesis statement. This is a sentence or two that highlights the authorâs argument and helps you to determine what the reading material involves. You need to understand that it is easier to identify the thesis statement in an academic essay than in the case of a painting, movie, or any other creative work. Here are a few questions to get you started: What is the authorâs main reason behind the particular argument in the essay? Does the author provide any solution to various problems that they have raised? In a case where the author offers a solution, how realistic is it? Has the author included any relevant and sufficient supporting information? How valid are the arguments and conclusions presented by the author? Establish the authorâs main arguments Any piece of writing has the primary ideas that form the base for argument. Take your time to note all the main ideas in any given work that you are about to review. In the case of a book or an article, scrutinize the topic sentences in each section or paragraph within the text for a chance to identify the main ideas. However, whenever reviewing works of fiction or even paintings, identifying the main ideas presented in the work requires some expertise, since you need to establish the evidence behind any assigned work as far as the authorâs explanation regarding the identified thesis is concerned. Writing the Actual Critical Analysis Divide you critical analysis into a number of sections including the introduction, body and the conclusions. To ensure that you address all the important aspects of your paper, you need to develop a strong outline for critical analysis of your assigned piece of work. You should address each of the following sections separately and deeply. Introduction The introduction section of your essay should contain the hook of the essay as well as the thesis statement. What are you reviewing? Is it a book, an article, film, or a painting? Your target audience needs to know this right from the start. If it is a book, an article, film, or a painting ensure that your hook or the thesis statement contains the author of the article or the book, painter, or film writer in the case of a painting or a film respectively. Note that, your introduction should contain a summary section and an evaluation of the work that you are analyzing. When summarizing the piece of work, ensure that you tell your readers title of the book or article, date of publication and author and then state your main ideas from the work. You can either use the exact authorâs thesis or paraphrase it. After you have summarized the piece of work, you need also to evaluate it based on the issues the author presents; the arguments and support your evaluation with ideas from the specific work and if possible, outside. In this section, you can come up with your own thesis to create a suitable approach to your critical analysis. Body Use the outline for your critical analysis that you created during the preparation phase. In this section, you need to answer all the possible critical analysis questions since your readers will seek various answers from your arguments. For this reason, you need to put yourself in the place of the readers and try to come up with questions that you would possibly ask while reading critical analysis paper. This approach will help you to address all the important elements and main ideas regarding the work that you are reviewing. Divide the body of your paper into a number of paragraphs preferably, three. While writing a critical analysis might follow a different approach other than the one for a normal research paper essay, the organization of your paragraph matters a lot. What is a critical analysis essay? This should be the guiding question; it is an essay whereby you review another authorâs work and argue out his or her main ideas objectively. Thus, focus to analyze various components of the provided work by looking at the authorâs major arguments and evidence to establish whether or not they are valid. Give your essay a nice flow by starting each paragraph with a topic sentence that inclines on the main point that you are analyzing. Next, use supporting ideas from the work or any other source to back up your evaluation, and ensure that all the information that you include is correctly cited and referenced. All the claims that you make in your paper should be analytical implying that you use information from the book or article that you are addressing to support any arguments that you have regarding particular components of the work. For this reason, you need to be objective as opposed to being subjective in your response. Arrange your paragraphs according to the weight of the arguments in each paragraph. Such an approach makes it easy for your reads to follow your analysis. In most of the cases, it is advisable to start with the most significant point as you move towards the conclusion of your analysis. However, make sure that you address all the important elements and sub-topics that you developed when creating the outline for your essay. Conclusion The conclusion section of your critical analysis is as important as the introduction and the body. In most of the cases, many writers tend to disregard the importance of having conclusions in their essays. It is important to note that the conclusions part of your analysis is highly important for it not only offers a summary of the main ideas but also gives the readers a course of action. Here are a few life hacks to ensure that your conclusion is as strong as possible and that it serves its purpose: Thesis restatement; Restate your thesis statement as well as that of the author of the work that you are reviewing. This will remind your readers of the scope and focus of your analysis. Summarize main ideas; Next, provide a comprehensive summary of the main claims that you have made in the body of the essay, and which align with the main arguments in the work. Avoid new ideas; Ensure that you do not present new ideas or claims in the conclusion; stick to what you have addressed in the body of your essay. Call to action; what next after reading the analysis? The conclusion section of your essay needs to answer this question by calling the readers to act. You can achieve this by highlighting the future implications of your analysis with respect to the given audience.
Tuesday, May 12, 2020
Research Critique: Qualitative Review On reading this article and identifying the study, there was a clear insight on how death and dying, and even improved health, impacted those nurses (Conte, 2014). Nurses, who worked closely with their patients, through the perils and suffering, culminating of death and losses, had grief not readily explored to enable that comfort zone (Conte, 2014). The article depicted the human side of nurses; it tells how nurses formulate that that bond with their patients and their families, nurturing them through life challenges to the end, while showing the emotional impact that is produced from that formed relationship. Through the entire article, it was very easy to see theÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦This statement is hereby identified as Ã¢â¬Å"Because of the intense and emotional relationship they form with pediatric oncology patients and their families, pediatric oncology nurses are exposed to multiple and compound work-related lossesÃ¢â¬ (Cont e, 2014). This statement encompasses the entire nature of the article and intimately describes the title as set forth. This author chose a purposive sampling method that enabled the research to be focused on a specialized group. Participants had to have a common exposure to the population and was so specific and not random (Conte, 2014). Since the study was directly related to pediatric oncology nurses, so as to exclude extraneous variables, all participants were pediatric oncology nurses. Knowledge of the work these nurses does and knowledge of the impact of emotional and personal, though proficient, responses were equally important, to exclude input that would affect any of the researched data (Conte, 2014), In addition, the study involved a Nurse Practitioner who came with experience of 15 years as an oncology nurse and supervisor. Reflective Bracketing, a strategy to eliminate possible bias was utilized. Reflective Bracketing is that strategy used by researchers to identify any areas of bias and blocks them so that there is no influence to the study at hand. The type of questions that were answered is the exploration of reactivity to painful loss; (Conte, 2014). Questions that involved feelings andShow MoreRelatedQualitative Research Article On Pressure Ulcers980 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesQualitative Research Article Critique According to Stockhausen Conrick (2002), Ã¢â¬Å"Learning how to critique research articles is one of the fundamental skills of scholarship in any disciplineÃ¢â¬ (p. 38). Burns Grove (2011) found Ã¢â¬Å"An intellectual critical appraisal of a study involves a careful, complete examination of that study to judge its strengths, weaknesses, meaning, credibility, and significance for practiceÃ¢â¬ (p. 419). The extent, amount and nature of publications accessible today by differentRead MoreCritiquing Qualitative and Quantitative Research1465 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesUnit 6: Critiquing Qualitative and Quantitative Research Kaplan University July 16, 2013 Unit 6 Critiquing Qualitative and Quantitative Research The research conducted by Foster-Fitzpatrick, Ortiz, Sibilano, Marcantonio and Braun (1999) is a quantitative study of the significance of crossing the legs while blood pressure is being measured. The purpose of the research was to determine whether leg-crossing impacted the results of blood pressure measurements. The research conducted by Palese, SkrapRead MoreNrs-433v Week 3 Research Critique, Part 1 Essay4217 Words Ã |Ã 17 PagesNRS-433V Week 3 Research Critique, Part 1 To purchase this tutorial visit here: http://mindsblow.us/question_des/NRS-433VWeek3ResearchCritiquePart1/2854 contact us at: firstname.lastname@example.org NRS-433V Week 3 Research Critique, Part 1 Introduction to Nursing Research Ã¢â¬â Theory, Design, and Sampling Prepare a critical analysis of a qualitative study focusing on the problem statement, study purpose, research question, literature review, and theoretical framework. This can be one of the selected articlesRead MoreThe Article Fathers Involvement On Children s Services : Exploring Local And National Issues1421 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesÃ¢â¬ËFathers Involvement in Children s Services: Exploring Local and National Issues in Ã¢â¬ËMoorlandstownÃ¢â¬â¢ (Gillina et al, 2012). The article uses qualitative method to establish why fathers are less likely to access children services. It will be using the critical appraisal skills programme (CASP) framework to understand qualitative research to critique this research (CASP, 2013). This framework has been chosen to aid the critical thinking in a systematic manner. It will establish if the results of the articleRead MoreKaplan Studies1329 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesCritiquing A Qualitative And Quantitative Study Eunique Burgos Kaplan University Critiquing Qualitative and Quantitative Studies In this research paper, we are to critique two different articles where one is based upon a qualitative study and the other one is based upon a quantitative study. The articles that were chosen for us to critique are The Effects Of Crossed Leg On Blood Pressure Measurement, which is the quantitative study and The Experience Of Patients Undergoing Awake CraniotomyRead MoreEssay on Research Critique Part 1659 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pages Research Critique Part 1 Grand Canyon University Introduction to Nursing Research NRS-433V Mary OConnell September 5, 2013 Research Critique Part 1 This paper will critique a qualitative research study published in the Journal of Medical Ethics in 2004, By Dr Helen Aveyard, about how nurses manage patients who refuse nursing care procedures. The article explains how nurses view informed consent as not being essential to nursing care procedures. Problem Statement The clinical problemRead MoreResearch Critique Part 1736 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesResearch Critique Part 1 Jenna Franz Grand Canyon University Introduction to Nursing Research NRS-433V Mary OConnell September 5, 2013 Research Critique Part 1 This paper will critique a qualitative research study published in the Journal of Medical Ethics in 2004, By Dr Helen Aveyard, about how nurses manage patients who refuse nursing care procedures. The article explains how nurses view informed consent as not being essential to nursing care procedures. Problem Statement The clinicalRead MoreClinical Log 2 : Clinical Assessment1655 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesevidenced-based information, followed by the description and critique of the research article the writer tried to find the evidence. Then the essay is concluded with the reflection of learning through this assignment. Clinical Incident My preceptor is a full-time radiation therapist, conducting research to improve patientsÃ¢â¬â¢ experience during their cancer treatment. Through the placement, I was able to participate in the actual research process by inputting data to an excel spreadsheet. The dataRead MoreAnalysis : Lived Experience 5 Years Beyond Bariatric Surgery 1601 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesIntroduction The purpose of this paper is to critique the qualitative research article, Totally Changed, Yet Still the Same: PatientsÃ¢â¬â¢ Lived Experience 5 years Beyond Bariatric Surgery by written by Eli Natvik, Eva Gjengedal and Malfrid Raheim and published in 2013. A qualitative study seeks to unfold the meanings and insights of problems by focusing on gaining knowledge through the quality of data obtained. Clarity and Relevance of the Study The study was not directed towards nursing practiceRead MoreRestraints Review Of Qualitative And Quantitative Studies1517 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesRestraints Review of Qualitative and Quantitative studies The purpose of this paper is to critique the research article, Mohler MeyerÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"Attitude of nurses towards the use of restraints in geriatric care: A systemic review of qualitative and quantitative study 2014. The incident I am going to discuss in this paper is of Mr. P., an 85-year-old man, admitted to this facility about 4 months ago. His history includes coronary heart disease, cataract, dementia, hypertension, macular degeneration and
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
string(124) " better the universe to be a better topographic point to populate starts from the attempt and thought given by instructors\." I would wish to lucubrate deeply about my positive attitude. Having positive attitude is critical. This leads to a motivated acquisition squad, a comfartable work environment and besides happy personal life. We will write a custom essay sample on Having Positive Attitude Is Vital Education Essay or any similar topic only for you Order Now It is difficult to happen a scenario which a individual with positive attitude and full of regards been scolded. No negative or bad attitudes make my personal life great. I socialized with my household with happy and respectful ideas which motivate themself to portion their felicity with me and others. With my attitude keeps people around me in a good temper. This characteristic makes me to pull off the tense state of affairss during my survey session particularly when I have task to finish my assignment before due day of the month. Being positive motivates and encourages others to be compliant and respectful. Besides, a positive attitude will be good in my acquisition squad because it will advance teamwork and friendly relationships. I think that a happy, friendly squad will be more productive than a squad that argues and disagrees. Biologically, my blood group is B positive ( B+ ) and this may reflect me to be positive. My 2nd strength is forbearance. It is so much nicer to cover with people that are patient. Patient people do non disrupt others, but alternatively they listen and are helpful. In my personal life, I have an autistic nephew who requires tonss of forbearance. Being autocratic, angry, and snappy will merely do my nephew reasoning backward and go really hard to manage. I must speak easy to him and reiterate myself several times so that he will understand me. In my survey environment, it is besides imperative that I am patient. I deal with difficult and hard assignment inquiry. Each inquiry has their ain grade of troubles. Therefore, I need to suppress each of the inquiries with my best reply and support it with sensible grounds. I patiently search for the articles sing several subject and supply my best reply to guarantee myself acquiring great consequence in my survey. In add-on, forbearance is a must when take parting in a squad environment. When many people get together in a squad, th ings frequently progress quickly and sometimes acquire sloppy or misunderstood. Using forbearance will keep consistence, accurateness, and organisation. After describe the strength of myself I must now convey that I have failings. I am non ace homo, nor a perfect individual. My failings frequently frustrate and challenge me, but my positive attitude forces me to rectify and suppress my failings. The failing which I can establish in myself is public speech production. I get really nervous. The mark is my custodies get dank and get down to sudate. Droplets of H2O appear on my face and I mumble my words when I start to talk in forepart of big group of people. This job does non give a immense impact in my personal life nor will it impact my online acquisition squad, but it does impact my day-to-day responsibilities at college. I speak with others particularly my friends sing general cognition and household members that are incarcerated. I am told that my jitteriness does non demo, but before and during every address I feel my custodies shake, my pess get dank, and my face perspiration. Over the old ages, I have fought this conflict of pu blic speech production by making many things. First, I completed a college degree English category. Second, I completed a college degree speech category. Recently, I am taking and English tuition category to heighten my communicating accomplishment and widen my English vocabulary. My 2nd blind topographic point that I must acknowledge is the deficit of organisation accomplishment. I organize my assignment documents by fliping them on my survey desk and shut the door so I will avoid myself to look at them. I largely fear of my computing machine room. It is difficult for me to happen my belonging particularly in my survey room because of my unorganised attitudes. When assignment season arrives, it will be a catastrophe. The laxation in organisation lengthens the clip to finish those assignments. I frequently lose my of import notes and my framework paper. This affair requires me to carry through my undertaking twice the existent clip needed. I lose my valuable clip which I can busy that cherished clip together with my household. Besides that, this will earnestly impact my larning squad. Before it acquiring much terrible, I have to better my demeanor to be a better organise individual. I will non scare up myself when I see documents incorporating college assignme nt. A desk together with registering cabinets and a twenty-four hours contriver calendar will be the suited tools to assist me to get the better of my job. The frights of my bad consequence in my sheepskin degree recognize me that organisation accomplishment is important to win in my survey and any range of my life. I have strengths and I have failings. I have taken a good expression at myself in the mirror and I know I am the lone 1 that can assist me suppress my failings and better my strengths. I am proud of my positive attitude and forbearance which are my strengths. In add-on, I am motivated to better my public speech production and organisation accomplishments so I can concentrate on other of import issues, such as finishing my instruction. My strengths give me happiness and motive to assist others and my failings are merely every bit weak as I let them be. I do take to go a instructor was non a determination made immediately. This declaration was a acme of a procedure of recoil about what I wanted to accomplish in my life. I make a determination to be in instruction line because I convinced this is the most important maps pattern in our civilization today. The ability to alter and better the universe to be a better topographic point to populate starts from the attempt and thought given by instructors. You read "Having Positive Attitude Is Vital Education Essay" in category "Essay examples" I hope to heighten both my personal and professional accomplishment during the procedure of learning. Bing a baronial profession is my primary way with the hope that I will be counted among successful hereafter instructors imbues others. Many dramatic instructors that teach me do go my function theoretical accounts and heroes. In secondary school and college, I began to recognize that amazing instructors have their typical accomplishments that I need to larn. Following their illustrations can do me to go person in the society. Good at elucidate content of a topic, house and patient towards pupils, ever be just among pupil, puting high and realistic outlooks, have the accomplishment to advice and motivate others are some of the index needed to go a great instructor. From the characteristic listed, I intend to catch them all in order to go a fantastic instructor. Somehow, I do recognize that my instruction accomplishment will boom as I work on my ain cognition, experiences, values and strengths. I want pupil to analyze in a comfy and safe environment. Therefore, it will increase their self-esteem. High degree of self-pride will assist the pupil strive to accomplish their ends. Helping them to makes their dreams come true will be the of import function that I need to transport. I will hold the chance of configure proactive hereafter parents and member of society. I do frequently inquire myself, what a better occupation it could be instead than being a instructor after naming all those grounds. The reply is none. It will be a immense part from me for the society. I can make an ambitious society and I am proud with the chance given to me. During my undergraduate plan late in University of Wales, United Kingdom, A I am taking Computer Science class. This will assist me to double maestro myself both in Information Technology and learning. Most of the minor categories that I enrol are communicating and psychological science, which would assist me in my calling as a instructor. Other than that, I do besides learn in a private tuitions centre as my portion clip occupation. During that clip I besides spent considerable sum of clip detecting schoolrooms. With strong instruction background and the broad scope of experience that I gain in schoolroom, I realize that learning will be the most suited calling for me. Ã¢â¬Å" Razin you Ã¢â¬Ëre an dreamer Ã¢â¬ this is been told to me. I want to give my best service for everyone. I set high aim as a instructor and set 1000s of attempt to carry through it. Therefore, it gives a good illustration to my pupils that if we put attempt we can make our ends. My pupil will larn, understand and construe into existent life all the cognition which I thought them in category. I want to do my pupils wonder what they are larning. Make them inquiry, think critically, write, read and maintain on reading. By this they will widen their cognition. A superb instructor is non merely merely explain and demonstrate instance survey to their pupil but person who inspires. This cherished characteristic create an first-class instructor and drive them extra mile farther than others. A great instructor will explicate inquiry been asked by their pupil and do them to the full understood and non allow their pupil walk off in uncertainty. Brainstorm will be the best tools used by extraordinary instructor to convey peculiar lesson program if the pupil did non understand and the lesson period terminals. He or she would believe, Ã¢â¬Å" How am I traveling to explicate this peculiar construct to my pupil and they need to understand clearly what am I learning? Ã¢â¬ This type of instructor I intend to be. Ability to animate others is non merely a gift or an chance but it Ã¢â¬Ës a challenge. Presently, we can see that there are 1000s of pedagogues still with their old head set and do non like to accept this challenge. This serious affair demand to be alteration. Nowadays, pupils been forced to school. Most of the times, pupil will believe that larning is non their chief precedence but instruction is instructors occupation. Students ever learn but may non the same as lesson Teach by their instructor. An first-class instructor will non merely expert on their field but cognizant with current issues and fix themself to learn Ã¢â¬Å" something Ã¢â¬ else. The re are something prove to be more valuable than cognition itself which is ethical motives and character. I want to animate the kids who will stand for the hereafter of our great state. I believe that, the clip I set my end there will be the obstructions to halt me accomplishing it. The most common barrier to making my potency is my mentality. What and how I think about myself and what I wish to accomplish. I limit myself by the negative ideas I think and say to myself. If you think and believe that you can non carry through something, so that will come true and you will neglect. However, when you think that you can carry through a undertaking or get the better of a state of affairs, and you put in the attempt, you will win. Remember you ca nÃ¢â¬â¢t merely trust something will come true, or merely state to yourself I will win, I will win and things will go on Ã¢â¬â you have to take control and take action. I frequently hear people say they have failed in the yesteryear or things have non worked out for them so they are bound to neglect if they try once more. This is merely an alibi. Because you failed in the yesteryear does non intend you will neglect once more . You should believe of things that happened in the yesteryear in footings of what you can larn from them. See everything as feedback instead than failure. What will brooding on past events achieve for you? Will it do you better? Will it function to do you experience worse? Think about this. The yesteryear is merely good so we can larn from our errors Ã¢â¬â it serves really small other intent. The yesteryear is over and done with we ca nÃ¢â¬â¢t alter it, merely learn from it. Negativity can truly halt you from making your possible. Believe it or non negativeness is more prevailing than positiveness. Negative influences are all around Ã¢â¬â in the newspaper on the wireless and on Television. Not merely this sometimes we get negative messages from household, friends, and colleagues who are stuck in a negative mentality and believe they are assisting you by Ã¢â¬ being realistic Ã¢â¬ when in fact they are non assisting at all. Mixing excessively much with these people will merely function to convey you down, instead than raise you up. The best thing you should make when making your potency is to environ yourself with like-minded people who are besides endeavoring for success. Positive successful people like to assist other people achieve success excessively. Having positive support is really of import. One thing that stops many people from making their potency and being successful is that they lack a program. I am ever amazed at how people can be after their summer vacations for months, yet when they are asked what plans they have for life and what ends have they set they merely look at you with a clean face! Too many people go through life merely taking what is handed to them. They let others make their determinations for them. Never do they put out ends and program for the hebdomads or months in front. It is indispensable that you take the clip to put out ends, figure out how to make those ends, and do a timeline for success. This procedure is vita lly of import but is frequently ignored. Sample of Personal Development Plan Name Muhammad Razin Bin Amir Hamzah Course Title Cardinal Life Long School University of Wales, United Kingdom Degree Bachelor in Computer Science Where am I now? Study in University of Wales, United Kingdom. What do I desire to carry through? Complete my survey in Computer Science. How do I accomplish it? Study smart with proper survey methodological analysis. Create head map. What might halt me? Indolent to make alteration. Do non pay attending during lesson. Time Scales Start Date End Date Remarks Short Term ends 3 SEPTEMBER 2012 3 SEPTEMBER 2014 Achieve first category award in my degree degree. Long Term ends 4 SEPTEMBER 2014 4 SEPTEMBER 2024 Accomplish my aspiration to be a lector or high school instructor. How to cite Having Positive Attitude Is Vital Education Essay, Essay examples
Saturday, May 2, 2020
Question: Write a report outlining the current state of the UK governments spending and revenue plans? Answer: Introduction The national income accounts give the insight of all economic activity within the union territory of UK. These activities include both domestic and external activities which has been influencing the countrys economy. These all accounts are being fully integrated which helps in transparency within its approach and also shows the entire spending of the funds which has been paid by the individuals and the company for which the government is accountable. Most of the well known economic statics are given in the national accounts such as GDP, GNP, Public sector borrowings ratio and Balance of trade etc (Geroski and Gregg, 1997). The study deals with various areas of the national accounts of the UK that also includes before and after recession country performance. Apart from that, the study will also highlight the issues and reason for investment high in various sectors. The national income is being made in the line of internationals standards which is ESA 29 (Hartwick, 2000). 1.The principles of National accounts of UK Institutional sectors: In order to bring the transparency on the accounts certain key analysis based on which various institutional sectors are grouped into number of manufacturing unit along with who own and controls them. Some of the major sectors and sub sector are given below: Financial corporations GDP Institutional sector accounts NON financial corporations Production approach Production accounts General government Expenditure approach Generations of income Household Income approach Allocations of primary income accounts NON profit institutions Distribution of income statements serving household Use of disposal income Rest of the world Balance sheet The annual trade of the country = (net exporting)+ importing at (current market prices) of 2002 to 2012 shows that fluctuations within the economy because of recessions in 2007-2008 which has severely hit the country trade (Higgins, 2013). Between 2002-2012 the UK has been consistency running a trade deficit. In 2013, the trade deficit in the current process was 33.9 billion. This shows that, country has been able to increase its net trade by 45.7% from 23.3 billion in 2011(www.ons.gov.uk, 2015). The rest of the world performance in 2008 is poor in compare to the UK trade deficit. In the recent interviews conducted by the BBC news, British Prime Minister Mr. David Cameron has addressed that, His government is paying the Britains debt. This allegation has come after the resolution of budget cut in the NGO sector and reduces in the Military budget. Apart from that other member of the members of his group Chancellor George Osborne has also claimed that deficit has been reduced by 1/3rd since the party came in to the power (www.bbc.com, 2014). 2. Relationship between the budget deficit and public debt Debt here refers to amount of money borrowed by the UK government for maintaining the national security. This debt has been result of many year of unwanted borrowings by the past government. In UK the debt is calculated total debt less government liquid asset (Humphries, 1996). As the chart below shows the debt has increased in the recent year which is to double has double the existing borrowings to 1trllion in past 6 years. This has been increased due to large financial crisis and resulting into recessions. In order to assess the debt percentage with the total output, debt to GDP ratio will give an actual debt and expenditure of the government. The debt to GDP ratio is been rise since 2007-2008 (Iley and Lewis, 2007). Since 1974, there has been eight years when the treasury of UK has ended the year in the black. The GDP of Britain is very much shows the deficit during the financial crisis which jumps from the 109pc in 2009 to 10.1 pc a year later (www.ons.gov.uk, 2015). 3. Current UK national debt numbers Year Gross national debt (, trillion) 2008 0.53 2009 0.62 2010 0.76 2011 0.91 2012 1.10 2013 1.19 2014 1.26 Graph 1: GNP debt of UK (Source: Jenkins, 2013, pp-125) Government spends lesser than it receives will given the government budget surplus. During the time of 1998-2001, UK has four straight year of surplus. As matter of fact, country had huge amount of surplus in the between the year 1947-1974. However, since 2000 to till date government is facing huge deficit, it is because of overspending. As per the latest figures newt borrowings was 15.4 billion in December 2012 (Jenkins, 2013). This shows 0.6 billion higher than December 2011 which was 14.8 billion only in public sector unit. Deficit in public sector unit was 13.0 billion in December 2012; this shows 0.5 billion increase in deficit from 2011 (Parker, 2011). This is because one of the overspending payments recorded as part of the Royal pension plans transfer. In 20213, economic activity as measured of GDP suggest that, it was 1.7% higher than 2012, compared with growth of 0.7% in the previous year. In 2008 the GDP was fell by 0.3% and fell again in 2009 by 4.3% because of the financi al recessions (www.theguardian.com, 2014). However, the recovery of GDP by 1.9% in 2010 was one of the positive sign for the UK economy. Financial year Current budget surplus/deficit (million, ) Net debt as a % of GDP 1998 10,427 40.3 1999 10,891 39.9 2000 12610 40.6 2001 12,476 29.7 2002 12,144 30.8 2003 -12,367 32.2 2004 -17,720 33.9 2005 -14,476 35.1 2006 -7236 35.8 2007 -7,491 43 2008 -37,553 150.4 2009 -86,756 153.6 2010 -76,219 149 2011 -64,217 141 2012 -74,064 140.3 Graph 2: Current deficit of UK (Source: Wanna et al. 2010, pp-259) From the above graph, it has been found that UK national accounts shows that, country overspending in defence and household has incurred company financial deficit. Since 2007-2008 was the bad phase of the world economy, sparing the 2008, country defence arises from 2003- till date (Simon and Proops, 2000). As the UK is known as the power economy in worldwide, country has been not been able perform as per its potential. Some of the major issues of for the increase in the deficit in UK are as given below: 3.1 Issues within the UK economy Consumer spending is lowered: When there is failing prices, this often encourages people to delay in the purchase of products and services because of the cheaper products and services. Apart from that, high deflations is another major issues in UK, sometimes it discourages the consumers to buy the luxury goods because most of the consumer feels by waiting for it would be decrease in price of the products (Pettinger, 2012). Therefore, period of deflations crates lower consumer spending which resultants in to reduce in the lower economic growth. Increase in real value of debt: Other major reason is increase in real value of money and the real value of debt. One of the major reason that government UK is not able to pay off its debt is because of the rise in the value of money which increasing the deficit and borrowings. Consumer s and forms are not been has to pay higher amount of disposable income on meeting the debt repayments (Rowley et al. 2002). This leaves the country for less money for spending and investment. This is also known as the balance sheet recession because half of the money is paid of in debt interested. There is huge problem in Europe as to exposure to debt is higher which making very much difficult to reduce its debt to GDP ratios (Felstead et al. 2012). Increased in real interest areas: Rise in the interest from the year 1999-2012 has been one of the major headaches for the Cameron government to control the deficit. If the deflation is of 2%, this earns the government has real interest rate of +2%. In other words saving money gives the country reasonable returns. Therefore, real interest rate has tightened the monetary policy of UK (Gregg and Wadsworth, 2010). This is particularly a problem majorly in Euro ozone nations which do not have any other monetary policy for examples like Quantities easing. However, UK has been lead to lower growth and higher unemployment during time if 2008 recessions period to 2014 (Ukpublicspending.co.uk, 2015). Wage rate unemployment: As the real wage rate in UK labour market show the sticky Wages. Particularly, worker resist nominal wages cuts especially when the people are use to annual pay increases ever year. Therefore during the time of recession, most of firms including government nations have decreased the real wages which has increases the unemployment in Europe which is major concern for the rise in the budget deficit (Hodson, 2011). Rise in the inflation rate since 2008 was rise by 4.05% which has now become 1.3% in October 2013 has made people to control in its spending which again tends the government to invest to increases the job opportunity to reduce the problems of the inflation within the nations (www.ons.gov.uk, 2015). 4. Impact of debt on GDP (Gross Domestic Products) of UK The GDP of the UK shows the slow growth of GDP but steady by 0.2% in 2012. The total expenditure has been very much invested in the right sector and components (Kaiser, 2011). There has been six equal component out of six were split into three negative and three positive contribution which enables the public to analyse the expenditure done by the government. Components Million Percentage points Household and NGOs 10201 70% General government expenditure 9357 60% Gross fixed capital 1056 10% Change in inventories -5204 -30% Net trade -9326 -60% Other -3523 -20% Total 2561 20% From the above, it has been found that, country has spent more in household expenditure and NGO with 10201 million. Country ahs net trade or export is in less than 3523 for -0.2%. There has been rise in the goods final expenditure which shows that, country consumption expenditure on final sue of goods and services produced and imported by the UK in 2012 (Kersting, 2008). Export of goods and service of the country shows that, 23.5% growth. 16.30% is being spent by the general government final consumptions (www.ons.gov.uk, 2015). Graph 3: Gross final expenditure of UK (Source: Mody and Sandri, 2012, pp-201) In 2002, there was similar kind of patterns household and nonprofit institution serving the households which was accounted for more than 51% of gross final expenditure which is followed by the exporting of products and services with 20.1% (Mody and Sandri, 2012). The gross final expenditure approaches various measures to extricate the over production of productions. From the national statics of the UK, it has been seen that, most of the companies are being using new and innovative products to sell the customers. Apart from that, in 2013, most of the corporation like British telecom and other major companies has done exceptionally well which gain brought the lots of advance tax to the country which was fruitful for the managing the deficient (www.ons.gov.uk, 2015). GDP at market prices from the year 1995 has changed the economic policy of the UK. Years Current market prices 1995 723080 1996 768905 1997 815881 1998 911945 2000 958931 2002 1055793 2003 1118245 2006 1299622 From the above, it has been found that, GDP at current prices are being approached as per the expenditure which shows that country is progressing before the time of recessions. Apart from that the output and volume measures of VAT shows around 80% of the total of the productions. the national accounts of the UK is much transparent and much clear which can be read and understand by the layman (Thompson, 2005). During the time of 2007-2008 worlds has hit by the strong financial crisis which also has affected the country as whole along with its WPI and CPI. The blue book of 2008 represents the financials history of UK and its spending and its surplus/deficit within the existing form of economy (Pettinger, 2012). 5 .Government spending and revenues from the taxations Spending 2013 (,Billion) Pension 31 Health care 140 Education 98 Defence 38 53Transport 23 Public sector safety 32.02 Debt interest 53 Industry , agriculture and employment 17 Social protection 222 Others 53 Total 707.02 Graph 4: UK government expenditure (Source: Kaiser, 2011, pp-342) Category %1 Compensation of employees 51.2 Corporations' gross operating surplus 21.7 Other income 2,3 14.8 Taxes less subsidies 12.3 As per the latest figures given above, UK has been one place down to be first highest spender in defence in world behind united states and US, China, Germany and Russia (Tomes, 2003). However, protection from the budget cuts in last tow budge has made the UK to reach at second positions however, France is shift to the sixth largest spender. Apart from that, as noted by Thompson (2005), when it come s to educations, the department of UK current government has risen the investment in the educations from 90 to 98 billion. A capital budget of 7.2 bn in 2010 -11 was less because of the affect of recession on economy. However, the overall spending with budget has been fall as the inflation has decreases the educations budget as per the UK National accounts (Mody and Sandri, 2012). Apart from that, economic has spend major cash in the transport projects for which gain huge amount loan has been passed to the private sector in order to boost the private sector economy. The home and office ministry of Justice has invested more than 30 billion in maintain public safety for which the rise the recruitment of police force has been one of the major step taken by the government in order to maintain the safety and security within the nations (Ukpublicspending.co.uk, 2015). Besides that, health care services have eaten more than 140 billion investment because of rise in the health issues. NHS get more than 114 billion for opening more of hospitals (Kersting, 2008). However, country is bee severally suffered from the high debt interest which because of huge borrowing of more than 1 trillion. The interest this is been low because of rise in the GDP rates in December 2013. Government earnings Government earnings 2013 (,Billion) VAT 111 Corporation tax 41 National insurance 110 Business rates 27 Income tax 167 Excise duty 47 Council tax 27 Others 118 Total 648 Total deficit= total earning total expenditure =648-707.02 Final deficit of 2013 =59.02 billion Graph 5: UK Government earnings of 2013 (Source: Hodson, 2011, 232) One of the major earnings is from the excise duty which has been rise from the by 1pc by the government of Excise. This rise in duty has increased the earnings of the government by 2%. Rise in the excise duty of beer by 1.08% and wines and spirits has also been risen up. Income tax is the biggest elements of government taxes receipts; income tax was expected to be the benefit from the rise of the employments (Kaiser, 2011). As the corporation tax has been risen by 9% of total tax receipts. Corporation tax income has come down by 28% r 21% from the year in 2014. This shows that, country is not being able to motivate the new promoters to open new business. One of the biggest incomes of British economy comes out of income tax which is 167 billion (www.theguardian.com, 2014). 6. UK Government spending and revenues after and before the financial crisis As per the report of IMF , it has been found that, Britain was running structural deficit with 5.2 pc in 2007. By using the various measurement amounts by which the public borrowings exceeds tax revenues by considering the external factors (Felstead et al. 2012). Britain entered into the global financial crisis in worsts positions than the other developed nations. Before the financial crisis country position was better than before the financial crisis because of the country growth rate was increased by 11.09% per year though there was deficit. However, country has been was overspending in the unnecessarily without keeping on the tabs of the performance (Wanna et al. 2010). This has increased the country debt and increase in deficit. The scale of bank losses due to housing bubble in US has made more difficult for the banks to borrow money on money markets. Some of the major banks were running out of money in several nations such as UK, Ireland and Cyprus (www.ons.gov.uk, 2015). After deficit country started prioritizing of the expenditures to sustain the future economic growth and poverty reduction of UK. One of the good news is that UK has stop taking everything for granted , country has going for safety nest , protecting social spending through loans and harnessing the crisis to achieve major reforms that will help to improve the efficiency and quality (Rowley et al. 2002). On the other hand, company started on core spending techniques by making growth plan by implementing Keynesian approach within the economy with modernizing the versions. Decline in spending ahs growth rates is due to crisis risk settings bank achievement of human development goals. As per the World Bank analysis that found that financing shortfalls to cover risk spending on health, educations, safety and infrastructure with amount of more than 247 in these areas as compare to other areas (Iley and Lewis, 2007). As per the CNN report, BOE (Bank of England) has announced that, growth rat es would slowly and steadily overcome the recession. Bank is keeping tab and eagle eye on the performance of domestic market of UK. In the three month ending in June, chances of rise in the GDP by 0.9%. UK is now looking for the strong fiscal policy and policy to control the inflations and the recessions rate. Apart from that, government has also asked the apex banks like BOE to reduce the CRR rates from 5% to 0.5% would make the borrowings for the new industries and aspires the promoters to open new business (Jackson, 2000). The recession has harmed spherically those nations who are much dependent upon the stamp duty and tax from the finance sector was US and UK. UK introduces a temporary cut in the VAT after the recession period (Higgins, 2013). 7. Comparing UK economy with rest of the EU All European nations members states that, their latest deficit and debt are reviewed twice a year. As per the latest financial report of IMF, it has been found that, USA structural deficit was by 3.35pc, France was 3 pc and Germany was 1.1pc in compare to structural deficits which was 5.2 pc. GDP growth rate during and faster the recession of UK and other Eu nations Countries GDP 2007 GDP 2008 GDP 2009 GDP 2010 GDP 2011 UK 0.6% -1.8% -0.91% 2.6% 3.7% France 1% -0.2% -1.8% 0.2% 1.2% Germany 0.4% -0.5% -0.3% 2.5% 2.85% Italy 0.3% -2.4% -0.45% 2.2% 1.98% Portugal 0.02% -2.2% -0.67% 1.03% 2.02% US 0.8% -2.7% -0.91% 1.10% 3.07% Graph 6: GDP rates of UK and other EU nations before and after recessions (Source: Jenkins, 2013, pp-558) The outputs lost during the recession will not be able to manage the loss of the nations in coming years. From the above, it ahs been found that, UK recession was longer than other nations like France and Germany excluding PIGS nations form the Europe (Martin, 2007). The latest news is that EU treasury is looking to forecast the growth between 1% and 1.5% in 2010 for UK. However, the latest average the forecast suggest that, GDP may return the pre recession level in the second d quarter of UK , France , Germany and the US in 2012 (Felstead et al. 2012). However, some of the powerful economic nations like Japan was 8.7% of GDP and Italy was 6.9% , Germany with 6.4% has suffered greater loss in GDP that UK. Both Italy and Portugal has been faced tough situation because of the negative growth. Euro zone nations economic are facing tough to survive in the competitive environment. With the help of spending by the various nations shows that how euro zone are faring in compare to the other nations. Years 2010 2011 2012 2013 Germany -0.1 0.5 0.3 0.2 France 0 0 -0.1 0.2 Italy -0.7 -0.8 -0.7 -0.2 Spain -0.5 -0.3 -0.4 -0.3 Netherland -0.6 0.2 0.1 -1.1 Portugal -1.4 -0.1 -1.1 -0.8 UK -0.4 -0.3 -0.4 1 Graph 7: Production and investment of government during the time of economic crisis (Source: Kersting, 2008, pp-172) From the above, it has been found that most of the Euro nation are not willing consumer are spending higher than UK in both households and Government projects. Germany GDP grew by 4.2% in 2011 and 3% in 2012. Among the 17 euro nations, Germany is one who escapes worst effects of the crisis that has been treated to untangle the bloc (Mody and Sandri, 2012). However, UK government last month has announced to economic growth of 213 will be 1.6% to 1% blaming the reduction on the Euro zone crisis and weaker economic growth in the Asian and Latin American nations. Apart from that, Netherlands is shrinking by 1.1% in its third quarter of production and investment areas (Tomes, 2003). As compare to other developed nations of EU and Asia pacific, UK is perfuming well but it is not performing as per its potential because of huge amount debt and interest is needed to paid to the IMF and the Nationalized banks. Conclusion From the above study, it has been found that, there has been ample evidence which shows that, UK Economy has been stronger in terms of its fiscal policy and economic policy. Apart from that, country was also hit strong by the economic crisis of 2008 because of its economic policy in compare to its rival nations like US and France. However, country is strongly suffering from the debt to GDP ratio which is negative. As the defect is because of the overspending in the defence and the Social protection areas which again cost the educations and the health care. Moreover, UK national accounts also has clear that, there has been deflation within the economy and other various issues which is the reason behind the failure of the country performance in compare to strongest competitive nations. Reference list Books Geroski, P. and Gregg, P. (1997). Coping with recession. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Hartwick, J. (2000). National accounting and capital. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar. Higgins, K. (2013). Financial whirlpools. Kidlington, Oxford, UK: Academic Press. Humphries, S. (1996). United Kingdom national accounts. London: Stationery Office Books. Iley, R. and Lewis, M. (2007). Untangling the US deficit. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar. Jackson, D. (2000). The new national accounts. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar. Jenkins, S. (2013). The great recession and the distribution of household income. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Martin, B. (2007). Resurrecting the UK historic sector national accounts. 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